Khudiram Bose(Shahid Khudiram Bose) who attained martyrdom at the age of just 18 years was born on 3 December, 1889 in Habibpur village( Midnapore) of West Bengal.
Trailokyanath Bose and Lakshmi Devi were his parents. He had three sisters and two elder brothers. But unfortunately his two elder brother died in very young age. During this time his parents followed a ritual in which a child was sold to his eldest sister in exchange of 3 handfuls of Khud( a form of crushed rice). People perform this ritual in order to save their young children from dying at an early age.
Khudiram Bose was sold to his eldest sister Aparupa and because of this he got the name Khudiram.
He lost his mother when he was 6 years old and a year later his lost his father too. His sister and her husband Amritalal Roy brought him to their home at Hatgachha village in west Medinipur.
Involvement in Freedom Movement
At the age of 13 Khudiram Bose joined the Anushilan Samiti a (an organization that was established in 1902) and became a volunteer at the age of 15. The Samiti was founded by Pramathanath Mitar. The main objective of Anushilan Samiti was to attack the Bristish Raj through violence.
During same time Aurobindo Ghosh along with Sister Nivedita gave series of public lectures to motivate youth to join freedom movement.
Later Khudiram Bose was arrested for distributing pamphlets against the British.
Murder attempt of British Magistrate and arrest
Anushilan Samiti youth club decided to kill Douglas Kingsford, the chief Magistrate of the presidency court of Alipore. The magistrate was infamous for his cruel behavior towards the Indians and had sentenced harsh punishment on young revolutionaries.
Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki were given the task to assassinate Kingsford in a bomb attack. Hem Chandra Das who learnt the art of bomb making from a Russian revolutionary Nicholas Safranski.
Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki changed their names when they arrived at Muzaffarpur. It is believed that they closely monitored every single movement of Kingsford for three weeks.
Wearing school uniforms under the name of Haren Sarkar and Dinesh Chandra Roy both Khudiram and Prafulla surveyed the Muzaffurapur Park, which was located opposite to the British Club where Kingsford regularly visited.
Next day i.e. on 30 April at 9 pm both Khudiram and Prafulla threw the bombs at the carriage of Kingsford. But the carriage was carrying the daughter and wife of barrister Pringle Kennedy.
Khudiram and Prafulla managed to escape but the news spread all over the town within hours. Heavy security were organized, and every incoming passenger especially near railway station was thoroughly checked and questioned.
The two young freedom fighters walked for about 25 miles whole night. Khudiram reached a station called Waini, and was completely exhausted. He asked for a glass of water at a tea stall. Two police constable (Indians) suspected something upon seeing barefooted Khudiram’s appearance. The two traitor’s constables confronted and arrested Khudiram Bose.
On the other hand Prafulla Chaki was intercepted by the police but the young Patriot Prafulla shot himself and attained martyrdom.
On May 1 Khudiram Bose was brought in front of district Magistrate Mr. Woodman he took full responsibility of the incident.
Khudiram Bose was hanged to death on 11 August 1908, becoming one of the youngest freedom fighters for Maa Bharti to attain Martyrdom.
Later the Waini railway station was renamed as Khudiram Bose Pusa Station.
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